An impact study produced by Transport for London(TfL) on the East London Line (ELL) and
the London Overground produces strong evidence to show that the
ELL has been so successful that parts of the line will be overcrowded by 2016.
The report shows just how many passengers have been attracted to the line: in
its first year of operation, the line carried 16 million pasengers. In 2011/12
this is expected to have grown to 38 million passengers per year.
The report indicates that during morning rush hours the stretch
between Sydenham and Canada Water is already crowded with trains carrying 2-3
passengers per sq metre. By 2016, trains between Canada Water and Whitechapel
will be overcrowded during both rush hours with 3-4 passengers per sq metre.
To cope with these extra passengers TfL has recommended increasing
East London Line trains from four to five carriages in length.
Here are the main points of the report:
- 0.6 million passengers per week use East
London Line. Demand has doubled since the first week of operation. 17,000
passengers per day use the newest section of the route between Dalston Junction
and Highbury & Islington 23 million passengers have used the extension
since its opening.
- The busiest section of line is between
New Cross Gate and Canada Water where 50,000 people per day travel by LO in
both directions. The route has already become crowded in peak periods with
loads over three passengers per square meeting standing in the peak hour
- The extended East London Line carries 0.6
million passengers per week, 3.5 times as many as the old East London Line that
it replaced and more than double the volume of usage in June 2010. Passenger
revenue has also doubled and is forecast to be £32m in 2011/12.
- ELL carried around approximately 16
million passengers in its first year to May 2011, a figure that will increase
to 38 million passengers in the financial year 2011/12.
- The busiest station is Canada Water with 30,000 Overground passengers per day, many of them
interchanging with the Jubilee Line. This is followed by Whitechapel with
15,000, and Highbury & Islington and New Cross Gate with 12,000.
- Passenger facilities at stations havebeen improved with the installation of ticket machines, help points, cycle
parking and passenger information. Eleven stations were gated shortly after the
concession started to reduce fraudulent travel and to improve security and over
95 per cent journeys pass through a gated station at one or both ends. The
volume of passenger journeys made without valid tickets fell from 10 per cent
to three per cent within a year of the network being under TfL management. The
volume of passenger journeys made without a valid ticket is currently two per
- TfL has estimated that, of the increase in passengers using LO since 2007, the largest
share have switched from bus or LU helping to reduce congestion on radial
routes into Central London. Around 12 per cent have switched from car or are
making new journeys.
- TfL’s report Delivering the Mayor’s Transport Strategy: National
Rail in London sets out TfL’s recommendations for rail capacity in
2014-19. This includes a recommendation to increase the East London Line trains
to five cars in length